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Understanding bladder stones



Posted
Dr. Ankur
June 10, 2010

Bladder in a layman language can be defined as a tool that stores in the urine and after a level indicates the brain to evacuate it. The functioning is extremely important as it is a medium to void off liquid waste and any disorders related to the structure will shape troublesome.  As urine is filled with minerals and salts its stagnation may be due to any reason can sometimes trigger stone formation with presence of concentrated residues. 
A urinary infection favours the above and can often leave an individual with this complicated aftermath. Here a person suffering from such an infection and the monitoring doctor should act vigilant to avoid the hassle. To curtail its effect a strong anchor of diet and nutrition is to be banked upon. Statistics reveal a considerable decrease in the bladder stone incidences with apt lifestyles.
Let’s understand its aetiology
The urinary system comprises of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra, where the kidney refines, ureters navigate and bladder stores and evacuates through urethra. A variety of causes can lead to stagnation, crystallization and hence stone formation. To begin is infection that slows down the functioning and allows concentration. Next is an enlarged prostate that interferes with the normal course of flow. It can either be due to a prostate cancer, hyperplasia or hypertrophy leading the above.
Next is the neurogenic bladder where the organ fails to indicate the brain to void off and in absence of such signals the body doesn’t react normal and may lead to stagnation.  Musculature relaxes and also one can find other related features of the issue.
In case of a weak bladder, diverticula (pouch like structures) develop on the site which enhance on the volume of urine to be accumulated and favour concentration with larger quantity of salt and minerals available.
The presentation
The condition is more commonly seen in males with the prostate and a higher risk of its cancer after 50 years. Sharp pain in lower abdomen with painful micturation is the two common features of the clinical condition. There may be instances of discoloured urine present.  Nocturia and interrupted flow of urine is also seen in some patients.
How to diagnose?
Here X rays of a full bladder along with urine analysis can help guide towards the condition. Further cystoscopy with blood examinations would also help.
What to do?
Here experts suggest drinking plenty of water to dilute and strike off the very cause of concentration. With regular flow of urine the chances to complicate slide down to minimum. Further urinary infection as mentioned above should be handled tactfully to negate the harms.
In established cases
Cases where stone already exists, methods adopted are directed to break down the stones into small pieces to pass on with the urine. Cystoscope is one such tool that helps a physician to look on the inside and also fragment the larger version to ease off. In case the stones don’t spill surgical removal is the treatment applied.
The condition can occur to anyone but each one can protect with some easy tips and changes.

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