An analgesic is a medicine that is taken to relieve pain. Some times prolonged use of analgesics can lead to kidney failure also known as Analgesic nephropathy. This disease with time causes complete renal failure and the need for kidney transplant and dialysis. This malfunction generally is found in women above the age of 30. These are analgesics are generally drugs that are available ‘over-the-counter’. These include: aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen and naproxen sodium.
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There may or may not be any signs and symptoms. The ones that might be seen include: Fatigue and Weakness, frequent urination and blood in urine with less output as urine, pain in the back and bruising and bleeding easily, feeling of nausea and vomiting, numbness and swelling, lethargy, drowsiness and feeling of delirium. The symptoms may resemble other medical conditions and hence it is necessary to consult a doctor.
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Medical diagnose may include a complete blood count, toxicology screening and urinalysis. The treatment will depend on the extent of kidney damage. The main aim is to contain the kidney damage and stop it from getting further spoilt. Treatment will also depend on the age, overall health, and medical history and tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
The first step is to sop the use of all analgesic drugs and medication. Then there may be a need for diet modification and fluids restriction.
The severity of damage will determine the need for dialysis and kidney transplant.
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