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Anovulatory (Dysfunctional Uterine) Bleeding

Overview

Anovulatory (dysfunctional uterine) bleeding is a condition in which menstrual bleeding takes place. The bleeding can be heavy as well as irregular. The menstrual cycle varies from woman to woman. On an average, it is observed that the menstrual flow occurs after every 25-28 days and lasts for 4-7 days. The cycle of young girls vary from 21-45 days. Older women experience the cycle occurring normally less often.


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Causes

The abnormal bleeding occurs due to changes in hormones or anatomical abnormality such as lesion, tumor, fibroid, etc. Another cause of the condition is no release of egg from ovaries. When such condition occurs, changes in hormone level take place that eventually results in heavy or abnormal bleeding. 


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Signs & Symptoms

A woman suffering from dysfunctional uterine bleeding experiences following changes in her periods:

  • In between periods, bleeding occurs from vagina
  • The cycle may reoccur in 28 days or in 35 days
  • The time and duration changes with each cycle
  • Bleeding lasts for more than normal days

Other symptoms causes due to hormone level changes are:

  • Mood swings
  • Dryness and tenderness in vagina
  • Hot flashes
  • Excessive growth of hair in the body
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Prevention

There is no prevention of the condition.


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Treatments
Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

The treatment is required if symptoms are severe.  Controlling the menstrual cycle is the main goal in the treatment. Oral birth control pills are often recommended. If women become anaemic, iron supplements are given. If a woman wants to become pregnant, medications that stimulate ovulation is given. If a woman does not respond to any above mentioned treatment, surgical treatment is given.

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