The kidney stones are called bladder stones or ureterolithiasis. The disease results from the renal calculi in the ureter. Bladder stones are basically solid concretions or the calculi that are basically formed in the kidneys. These calculi are formed through dissolved urinary minerals. There are several types of stones in the bladder majority of which are calcium oxalates and calcium phosphate. Rarely there may be chance of struvite as stones. The struvite stones are formed when urea-splitting bacteria are found during the urinary tract infections. Those with metabolic abnormalities produce uric acid and cystine stones.
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The bladder stone is formed due to the metabolic defects such as Renal Tubular Acidosis, Hyperparathyroidism and Dent’s disease. It may also be caused due to Medullary Sponge Kidney and Primary Hyperoxaluria. It may also be due to Hyperuricosuria. It may also be caused due to Urinary Tract Infection. Each type of the bladder stones is caused due to several different factors as already stated above.
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The patient may suffer from following symptoms namely:-
- Severe pain in the upper abdomen, which may start suddenly and lasts anywhere between 30 minutes to several hours.
- Some patients also complain of the pain in the right shoulder blade.
- There may be nausea or vomiting.
- There may be indigestion after eating fatty foods such as desserts or fried foods.
There is no known treatment as such. The best way is to prevent this disease. The stones need to be removed by open surgery or laser treatment.
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To prevent the bladder stones you need to follow certain strict dietary rules. You should drink a minimum of 2 to 2.5 liters of water each day so that considerable amount of urine is passed out each day. You should preferably take less amount of nitrogen, protein and sodium intake. You should also avoid regular intake of oxalate rich food such as nuts, soybeans, chocolates etc. intake of coffee or cola beverages or vitamin C on regular basis should also be avoided. There are certain drugs that can cause kidney stones such as thiazides, magnesium citrate, potassium citrate and allopurinol etc.
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