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Malignant Hypertension (Arteriolar Nephrosclerosis)

Overview

Malignant Hypertension is a medical condition where the blood pressure of the patient suddenly reaches extremely high. In this case, the lower level of the blood pressure reading goes as high as 130mmHg and above. Though, only around 1% of people suffer from it. Young African American men are more prone to it. It is also seen in women with toxemia of pregnancy and those who have had kidney failure or renal hypertension.


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Causes

Malignant Hypertension is directly related to hypertension which is one of the most widely spread disease worldwide. It is a condition where the arterioles and ventricles get chocked due to the thick layer of cholesterol. This leads to reduced flow of blood to the heart and severely affects other organs in the long run as well.


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Signs & Symptoms

The symptoms of Malignant Hypertension are more or less same as that of hypertension. But, one major difference is the case of severity of the symptoms.

    * The patient may feel numbness of arms, legs or face or other parts of the body.
    * There is blurred vision and change in the mental status of the patient.
    * The patient feels restless and anxious.
    * There is a tendency of decreased alertness of the patient.
    * The patient may also feel fatigue and confused.
    * There may be severe chest pain mostly in the mid area.
    * One may also feel great pressure or crushing sensation.
    * There may be considerable decreased urinary output.
    * One may also have headaches, cough, nausea or vomiting, shortness of breath and weakness of arms and legs etc.

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Prevention

Malignant Hypertension can damage multiple organs such as brain, eyes, heart, blood vessels and kidney. So, it is of utmost importance to take preliminary precautionary measures, so that you are saved from this dangerous situation in the first place. One must always do regular exercises, maintain body weight, and go for stress management therapy to keep hypertension at bay. You may cut down the presence of sugar and salt from the diet and increase the presence of fresh fruits and vegetables. One must also avoid alcohol and tobacco.


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Treatments
Hospitalization and Medications Modern Medicine

    * The patient may need immediate hospitalization with the appearance of first symptoms.
    * The patient will be administered intravenous medications to immediately drop down the blood pressure.
    * Diuretics will be given to patient whose lungs are filled with fluid.
    * Your doctor may give you further medications if he/she finds signs of heart damage.
    * Once the situation is under control, the doctor may put the patient on oral blood pressure control medications for suitable number of time frame.

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